The ASEAN Open skies policy is intended to boost connectivity and increase traffic growth by granting all airlines from the ten ASEAN member States open market access to all international airports in Southeast Asia. The Package consists of a number of distinct policy aspects (such as capacity regulation and removal of price controls) that should lead to less regulation in airline services . An ASEAN Single Aviation Market (ASEAN-SAM) will help increase trade between the nations by boosting the flow of goods and services and easing restrictions. It will also boost travel around the region.
The need for a coherent air travel infrastructure system and the increasing demand for low – cost travel are the main drivers for the adoption of open skies policy in the ASEAN. Given the importance of trade in the ASEAN,member countries have recognized that transport is an important issue for cooperation as it can contribute towards the reduction of trade transaction costs for member countries and for the region as a whole.
ASEAN countries exhibit considerable diversity in matters of policy, economy,and infrastructure. Unlike European countries that started out with roughly equal size,GDP,economic policy,and level of industrial development,coorperation between ASEAN countries must overcome the issue of dramatic variation in those aspects.
The ASEAN Open Skies policy came into effect on January 1, 2015 despite three airline tragedies involving Southeast Asian airlines in 2014. The Open Skies policy, which is also known as the ASEAN Single Aviation Market (ASEAN-SAM), is intended to increase regional and domestic connectivity, integrate production networks and enhance regional trade by allowing airlines from ASEAN member states to fly freely throughout the region via the liberalization of air services under a single, unified air transport market.
1. Asean Open Sky policy
Figure 1 FREEDOM OF THE AIR ADDRESSED IN THE ASEAN OPEN SKY 2015
9 Freedom In The Air of ASEAN Open Sky 2015
- Rights airline of a country to fly over the airspace of another country, without landing
- Right to refuel or perform complete aircraft maintenance on the way to another country
- Rights to fly to another country
- The right to fly from another country to the home country airline
- The right to fly between two foreign countries, during the flight begins and ends in the country of origin of the airline
- The right to fly between two foreign countries with stopovers nontechnical (not for refueling or maintenance) in the country of origin of the airline
- The right to fly between the two destinations in two foreign countries, without a stop in the country of origin of the airline
- The right to fly between the two destinations in a foreign country, with advanced services to the country of origin of the airline
- The right to fly between the two destinations in a foreign country, without advanced services to the country of origin of the airline
2. Opportunity and threats for ASEAN Open Sky 2015
Picture 2 Opportunity and Threats of ASEAN Open Sky 2015 Policy
Opportunity for Airlines is the airlines has freedoom of connectivity with airlines particiapting countries agreements so the airlines can fly to the other countries for free. Improvement Indonesian Economic so with the ASEAN Open Sky can improve the economic because with the ASEAN Open Sky the tourist can improve significantly so from that Indonesia can improve the economic of indonesia. Airlines in ASEAN could Free acess to ASEAN countries, Freedoom of Pricing that allows increased revenue. Threats from Asean Open Sky Policy is Licensing complex operations for airlines, increasing levels of competition airline, the limited capacity of the airport slot Designated primary, improved security and safety standards.
ASEAN Briefing (2015), ASEAN Open Skies Policy to be Impelemented in 2015, accessed on September 15, 2106 <http://www.aseanbriefing.com/news/2015/01/02/asean-open-skies-policy-implemented-2015.html>
Bachtiar Maulana (2013), ASEAN Open Skies Who Will Benefit?, accessed on September 16, 2016 <http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/8696/asean-open-skies-who-will-benefit/>
Soedarmo Edwin (2015), ASEAN Open Sky 2015, accessed on September 16, 2016 <http://www.cse-aviation.biz/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Open-Sky-2015-Edwin-Soedarmo.pdf>