Sustainability concept has been introduced to many fields such as management, technology, and also Supply Chain (SC). The most accepted definition from some researcher for Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) is where all consumer products are created, used, and recycled or disposed of in the Closed loop Method. Forward Logistics in the chain (like procurement of materials, production and distribution) as well as the Reverse Logistics to collect and process returned (used or unused) products and/or parts of products in order to ensure a socioeconomically and ecologically sustainable recovery are refers to Closed Loop Supply Chain Management (CLSCM).
Closed Loop Supply Chain Management (CLSCM) is a set of activities that includes purchasing, manufacturing, logistics, distribution, marketing, that perform the function of delivering value to end customer (Turan Paksoy, 2011). In the past two decades, some fields are focus on sustainable development and green economics that has been growing. Development in logistics and supply chan management grow so fast. There are several things that known as part of Logistics and Supply Chain Management that result of develompment in this fields. There are Green Supply Chain Management (GrSCM), Closed Loop Supply Chain Management (CLSCM), Reverse Supply Chain Management (RSCM), Reverse Logistics (RL), Sustainable Supply Chains (SSC), Sustainable Transport etc (Aleš Groznik & Jure Erjavec). CLSCM, RSCM and GrSCM problems involved more complex, and need more efforts to control forward and reverse logistics simultaneously considering the environmental impacts.
CLSCM have some differences with traditional supply chain. The first is the goal, because the traditional supply chain aims to lower the cost and improve the efficiency of supply chain enterprise so the companies will get the the maximize economic benefits. But the goals of is CLSCM decrease the consumption of resources and energy and to reduce the emissions of pollutants. All that things can we do with create a socially responsible enterprise, and to balance the economic benefits, social effects and environmental effects. The second differences between traditional supply chain and CLSCM is management structure of supply chain. CLSCM using the management for enviromental with included of internal of company and also from external management. This theory is not used in traditional supply chain and becme a lacking of traditional supply chain. Business model is the third different between CLSCM and traditional supply chain. LSCM have more complete business model than traditional supply chain, because CLSCM also considered about low carbon and environmental protection. Low carbon and enviromental protection must be included in the entire logistics and supply chain to realize a complete green and low carbon supply chain system through the whole life cycle, from raw material sourcing and industrial design to production and delivery. So all elements from raw material untul finised goods that will be delivery to distributor will focus not only about cupply chain but also the impact that what they doto the nature. Business process i the forth different in this theory, because traditional supply chain starts with suppliers and ends with users, and the products flow is one way and irreversible, known as “Cradle- -to-Grave”. That process is so different with CLSCM because CLSCM using “Cradle-to-Reincarnation” in their management. CLSCM have a another thinking of ways, product flow is circular and reversible and all products must be managed throughout the entire life cycle, and beyond so that “waste” finds a second life or becomes raw material available for new production or other purposes. The last different between this two thories is consumption pattern. The consumption pattern of the traditional supply chains is a voluntary initiative governed by consumer interests and business activities. CLSCM can be promoted through green government procurement, corporate social responsibility, and sustainable consumption education and practices (CCICED Annual General Meeting 2011). The rest of the paper is organized as follows, Section 2 comprises the literature review in the following themes: Green Operations (Reverse Logistics), Green Design, Green Manufacturing, Waste Management, and Product Life Cycle Assessment. Section 3and Section 4 culminates with conclusions and research scope for further studies in this area.
In my opinion, the main goal of CLSCM is to have the maximize profit using the GrSCM theory. “CLSCM has been identified as an approach for improving performance of the process and products according to the requirements of the environmental regulations” (Raj, 2013). CLSCM will gives the competitive edge with the other companies and improves the economic status of an organization. If the companies success to implemntation the CLSCM, it will be leads to reduction in waste, reduction in environmental pollution, optimization of resource utilization and reduction in costs. “Designing of proper policies are required to address the different environmental issues for which understanding of the steps which may lead to sustainability should be known and one should have the clear understanding of the hurdles and complications of the system before going for the implementation” (Raj, 2013).
 Guide, V. D. R., Jayaraman, V., & Linton, J. D. (2003). Building contingency planning for close-loop supply chains with product recovery. Journal of Operations Management, 21, 259-279.
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 Jayaraman, V., & Luo, Y. (2007). Creating competitive advantage through new value creation: A reverse logistics perspective. Academy of Management Perspective, 21(2), 56-73.
 Raj, N. Kumar, & Satheesh, R.M. Kumar. (2013). Closed Loop Supply Chain Management and Reverse Logistics – A literature review. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, Vol 6, No 4 (2013), pp. 455-468. http://www.irphouse.com: acessed at November 23rd 2016